Reimers is leading the research and testing of electric boilers used for surface treatment. Testing on various materials and surfaces is being done with Reimers portable steam electric boilers. At 100 psi the steam generated is well above the typical germ and virus killing threshold.
Germs, viruses, bacteria, and fungus respond differently to temperatures. In general, hot temperatures are better suited to killing them. According to the World Health Organization, temperatures of 140°F to 150°F are enough to kill most viruses.
Sterilize - to destroy microorganisms in or on, usually by bringing to a high temperature with steam, dry heat, or boiling liquid.
Sanitize - to free from dirt, germs, etc., as by cleaning or sterilizing.
If materials are heat resistant, the recommended sterilization process is steam sterilization, Has largest margin of safety due to reliability, consistency, and lethality.
Of all the methods available for sterilization, moist heat in the form of saturated steam under pressure is the most widely used and the most dependable. Steam sterilization is nontoxic, inexpensive, rapidly microbicidal, sporicidal, and rapidly heats and penetrates.
The two common steam-sterilizing temperatures are 121°C (250°F) and 132°C (270°F). Temperatures must be maintained for a minimal time to kill microorganisms. Temperatures, sterilization times vary depending on the type of item (e.g., metal versus rubber, plastic, items with lumens), whether the item is wrapped or unwrapped, and the sterilizer type.
Steam sterilization should be used whenever possible on all critical and semicritical items that are heat and moisture resistant (e.g., steam sterilizable respiratory therapy and anesthesia equipment), even when not essential to prevent pathogen transmission.
Heat sterilization, including steam or hot air (see manufacturer’s recommendations, steam sterilization processing time from 3-4 minutes is commonly stated.(If there is a problem getting heat penetrated into the items the times increase up to 30 minutes).Applies for hard surfaces and soft materials.